صدى البلد البلد سبورت قناة صدى البلد صدى البلد جامعات صدى البلد عقارات
Supervisor Elham AbolFateh
Editor in Chief Mohamed Wadie

UN's Role in Humanitarian Crisis in Gaza


Thu 11 Jul 2024 | 03:47 PM
UN's Role in Humanitarian Crisis in Gaza
UN's Role in Humanitarian Crisis in Gaza
Ali Abo Dashish

The United Nations (UN) has long been involved in the Gaza issue, aiming to address the humanitarian, political, and security challenges in the region. The UN's positions on Gaza encompass a range of activities and statements made by different UN bodies, agencies, and officials. Here's an overview of the key elements of the UN's stance on the Gaza issue:

 Humanitarian Aid and Support

The UN has consistently emphasized the need for humanitarian assistance in Gaza. The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) plays a significant role in providing aid to Palestinian refugees, including those in Gaza. UNRWA's services include education, healthcare, relief, and social services.

### Calls for Ceasefires and Reduction of Violence

The UN frequently calls for ceasefires and reductions in violence during escalations in the Gaza conflict. The Secretary-General and other high-ranking officials often issue statements urging all parties to exercise maximum restraint, protect civilians, and comply with international humanitarian law.

Two-State Solution

The UN supports the two-state solution as the basis for resolving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, including the Gaza issue. This solution envisions an independent State of Palestine, living side by side in peace with Israel. The UN advocates for negotiations to address core issues, such as borders, the status of Jerusalem, security, and the right of return for Palestinian refugees.

Condemnation of Blockades and Restrictions

The UN has criticized the blockade imposed by Israel on Gaza, highlighting its severe impact on the civilian population. The blockade, in place since 2007, restricts the movement of people and goods, contributing to significant humanitarian challenges. The UN calls for lifting these restrictions to improve living conditions in Gaza.

Human Rights and International Law

The UN emphasizes the importance of human rights and adherence to international law in the Gaza conflict. Various UN bodies, including the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and the Human Rights Council, monitor and report on violations of human rights and international humanitarian law by all parties involved.

Efforts for Reconciliation

The UN supports efforts for intra-Palestinian reconciliation, particularly between Fatah and Hamas. Reconciliation is seen as crucial for achieving a unified Palestinian leadership, which is essential for advancing peace negotiations and improving governance in Gaza.

Engagement with Regional and International Actors

The UN engages with regional and international actors to address the Gaza issue. This includes working with the Middle East Quartet (comprising the UN, the United States, the European Union, and Russia) to facilitate peace efforts and support initiatives aimed at resolving the conflict.

Recent Developments

In recent years, the UN has continued to respond to periodic escalations of violence in Gaza, providing emergency humanitarian assistance and advocating for ceasefires. The UN has also been involved in facilitating talks to stabilize the situation and promote long-term peace.

Conclusion

The UN's position on the Gaza issue is multifaceted, focusing on humanitarian aid, promoting peace and security, advocating for human rights, and supporting a two-state solution. The UN's efforts are aimed at alleviating the suffering of civilians, encouraging peaceful negotiations, and ultimately achieving a just and lasting resolution to the conflict.