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Mud-brick Building Discovered below King Niuserre Temple in Abusir


Sun 31 Jul 2022 | 07:33 PM
Ali Abu Dashish

The Italian-Polish archaeological mission has found what may be the remains of one of the four ancient Ancient Egyptian "sun temples" in Abusir, Egypt, which is south of Cairo and close to Saqqara.

The Old Kingdom necropolis at Abusir functioned as one of the primary cemeteries for Memphis, the ancient Egyptian nation's capital.

14 royal pyramids, mastaba, and tombs are located at the site, which was occupied between the early 25th century BC and the mid-24th century BC under the 5th Dynasty.

The archaeological delegation from Poland and Italy dug up the temple of Pharaoh Nyuserre Ini, the sixth king of the Fifth Dynasty.

The crew discovered traces of a mud-brick structure and quartz blocks in a context layer that predates the temple. According to representatives from the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, these could be the ruins of one of the four lost sun temples.

Although it is believed that six sun temples were constructed, only two have been found thus far.

Ra, the god of the sun, order, kings, and the sky who is sometimes shown as a falcon with a sun-disk inside a cobra, is an Ancient Egyptian deity in honour of whom sun temples were constructed.

Sun temples' design appears to have more than only royal burial reasons; rather, it is likely that it was a component of the cultic worship of monarchy. This has led archaeologists to speculate as to their function.

The building is accessible through an entryway carved out of limestone rock, which leads to a space with a paved floor and contains enormous pieces of quartz, according to a news release from the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities on the discovery.

Additionally, pottery jars, beer pots, and containers with red rims that were probably utilised in temple rituals and ceremonies were discovered during excavations.