Mahmoudiyah Canal is a waterway stemming from Rashid branch of the Nile River. During the past years, the canal suffered from neglect and lack of its role as a water source for irrigation of agricultural lands, and parts of it were subjected to a drop in the water level turning into a stagnant water lake and a source of epidemics and diseases.
Most of its parts have also transformed into landfills for garbage and animals, including what was done it was filled by residents, and random buildings were built on both sides.
Hence, President Abdel Fattah El Sisi launched the initiative of converting the canal to a development axis.
In an immediate response to the political leadership directives, comprehensive studies prepared by the Engineering Division led by the Northern Military Region were developed to the stage of full designs for the project.
The project started to be implemented in February 2018 with day and night working shifts and 450 transport equipment on both sides of the canal to complete the “Artery of Hope” project and convert Mahmoudiya canal from swampland to a traffic artery and an integrated development axis with a length of 21 kilometers.
The project has faced many challenges, including the transfer of public facilities from water, sanitation, electricity, and natural gas networks.
The project is divided into an empty sector from the International Coastal Bridge in kilo55 from Mahmoudiyah Canal to Al-Soyouf Water Station in kilo 62 of Mahmoudiyah Canal with a length of about 7 km long.
The open sector is being prepared for the provision of required quantities of water for Al-Soyouf Water Station and for the future supply of the city of Alexandria with a total of about 1.5 million cubic meters per day, providing 6 lanes in each direction on both sides of the exposed strip and filling the sides of the canal with a total of 45 thousand meters.
With regard to the covered sector (kilo 62 / Mahmoudiyah Canal) to the downstream from (Kilo 77 / Mahmoudiyah Canal) with a length of about 15 km long by constructing the main wall to control water entries to the estuary with the implementation of 3 concrete water pipelines, the diameters of which range from 500 mm to 2000 mm with a total length of 40 km, which are irrigation and centrifugal lines, and so a perforated polyethylene pipeline for infiltrating groundwater with a diameter of 500 mm at a length of about 13 km, and the removal of the accumulated waste over the years at the bottom of the canal with a total of about 2.5 million cubic meters.
The bottom of the canal will also be rubbled with Dolomite at a total of 2 million cubic meters and asphalt road works will be implemented for the entire project in Egypt at a total of one million meters.
The project contributes to raising the production efficiency, water quality, and network pressures, thus solving the problem of weakness and interruption of water in Alexandria. The new axis includes 6 to 8 traffic lanes in each direction and a lane for public transport buses are allocated with the “BRT” system.
The axis width ranges between 80 and 120 meters, and the project serves neighborhoods with a highly-populated neighborhood and an average social level, which is Montazah Awal, Sharq (East), Wasat (Middle), and Gharb (West) of Alexandria.
Additionally, five bridges are implemented in the regions of Abu Suleiman and other areas such as Al Matar to connect the axis on the highway and Bashir Al-Khair (A) and Bashair Al-Khair (B) bridges to link Mahmoudiya axis with the coastal ring axis.
As for the open (empty) sector, 6 car bridges are being implemented to rotate to the other side to connect the two sides of the canal.
The project also includes the implementation of about 25 pedestrian bridge to link the two sides of the axis, and the project is an integrated development axis that meets all the requirements of development, movement, and investment and solving the traffic problem in Alexandria Governorate to serve the new urban expansion.