Scientists are still trying to uncover talismans of the ancient Egyptian genius.
He added that creativity of the Pharanoic era is an important point of the ancient Egyptians’ faith in the life after death.
Searching for the life after death pushed the Pharaohs to build pyramids which still dazzle the whole world until now.
Hawass pointed out that the Ancient Egyptians were genuine in astronomy. They knew the solar calendar; they also observed stars and planets so they could count months and days of the year.
Numberless scientists in medicine, astronomy and geometry graduated from Heliopolis (I͗wnw which means pillars in the Ancient Egyptian language).
Professorate of that university adopted the first theorem on universe along ones on arts, literature and architecture.
“The Pharaohs studied floods of their days in the eastern and western valleys. They built their graves away off falls of the torrents so the graves had been protected from high floods,” said Hawass. “The Pharaohs also knew thoroughly geology.”
They studied rocks of mountains and natural fissures of them.
Ancient Egyptians dug graves against directions of those fissures. If the fissures were lengthy, the ancient Egypt avoid that place. Ancient Egyptian architect set diagram of a grave and followed-up digging.
Whenever, defects were found in rocks, the place was replaced at once.
It is important for any archaeologist works at digging to study formations of rocks and path of torrents at that area to find places of graves. A burial place of Queen Hatshepsut, from the 18th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt which was the first grave built in the Valley of Kings locates in the west baked of the Nile River next Thebes.
The grave had not been built in the valley itself but in the rear part or the minor path to occult the burial place off the thieves. The graves were built at upper level above earth there.
In the eastern part of the Kings’ Valley, archaeologists discovered the method the Pharaohs applied to protect the sites from torrents. A duct was dug at the upper part of mountain to receive downpours. Another trenches were also dug carry water away off the graves.
The ancient Egyptians erected little dams to reduce speed of water in those trenches. So digging in the Kings’ Valley make the public think of the method of the Pharaohs to spot the burial place where they like to live in the life after or “Iaro”, name of paradise.
Ancient Egyptians prepared grave furnished with drawings that help them pass hardships until they meet with Osiris.
A grave was also supplied with items of day life to be used in the life after. Faith in the world to come builds Ancient Egypt.
Translated by Ahmed Moamar