The United Nations Security Council is set to hold an emergency meeting next Wednesday following a decision by the International Court of Justice regarding the conflict in Gaza, as reported by Cairo News. The International Court of Justice recently announced a significant vote, with 16 in favor and only one against, mandating Israel to take all necessary measures to prevent incitement to commit genocide against Palestinians in Gaza.
The International Court of Justice (ICJ) case initiated by South Africa against Israel has garnered significant international attention. South Africa brought the case to the ICJ, accusing Israel of committing "genocidal acts" in its operations in Gaza, particularly highlighting the large-scale loss of life, including nearly 10,000 children among the more than 23,000 Palestinians killed. The case aims to prompt the ICJ to intervene and halt Israel's military campaign in Gaza. The ICJ, also known as the World Court, is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations and adjudicates disputes between states. Its decisions are binding and cannot be appealed, relying on the UN Security Council for enforcement.
The ICJ's provisional measures in response to the lawsuit demand that Israel refrains from actions that could be considered genocidal under the Genocide Convention. These include preventing the killing of group members, causing serious harm, inflicting conditions that could lead to the group's physical destruction, preventing births within the group, and stopping the incitement to commit genocide. The court also ordered Israel to allow humanitarian assistance to Palestinians in Gaza and to prevent the destruction of evidence related to allegations of acts falling within the scope of the Genocide Convention.
Experts and legal analysts have weighed in on the potential outcomes and implications of the case. Some believe that South Africa could win an order against Israel to cease all acts of genocide against Palestinians, which would mark an official determination by the ICJ that genocide is occurring. This would obligate all parties to the Genocide Convention, which includes 153 states, to prevent the genocide. The case has also raised questions about the complicity of other nations, such as the United States, in supporting Israel's actions, potentially violating international law.