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Top 5 Archaeological Attractions to Visit in Egypt

Fri 06 Jan 2023 | 03:15 PM
Ahmed Emam

Over six thousand years, Egypt has been home to multiple ancient civilizations, from the Pharaohs to the Ayyubids. Spectacular ancient ruins dot the landscape to this day, inspiring new generations of visitors.

Take a look at the best archaeological places in our list below.

1- Giza Pyramids

Giza Pyramids were declared as one of the 7 Wonders of the World. Located on the western banks of the Nile River, this massive building was built by Pharaohs.

Near the Giza Pyramids, you can find the Great Sphinx by the Chephren One, the head of a pharaoh with a lion’s body that dates from the time of Chephren.

Later on, you can proceed to visit the Valley Temple, which belongs to the Pyramids of Chephren.

According to Egyptologists, this ancient temple served definitely two functions: first, it was used for the purification of the mummy of the king before its burial. Second, it was used for the mummification process of the king.

2-Roman theater in Alexandria

This place will leave you completely in awe. Roman theater in Alexandria, also known as Alexandria Theatron in Ancient Greece, is an ancient site with gigantic columns dedicated to the old roman caesars of Roma.

The Roman theater of Alexandria is one of the best-preserved Greco-Roman theaters. It was the Roman Empire’s biggest theater in Africa at that time, of which only several columns and a colossal base remain.

Smaller than the theater, the Sawary site, also known as Pompey's Pillar is the second attraction of the site. Together they form an extremely impressive archaeological ensemble that would make the cities of Athens and Rome blush!

3- Castle of Saladin, Pharaoh's Island

If you like Ayyubid, Abbasi, Crusades, and Mamluk ruins, you will surely admire the Castle of Saladin. The iconic castle is the most well-preserved ancient Ayyubid Castle outside Cairo. It dates back to 1116 AD and was a significant city on Egypt's ancient trade route.

The castle can be reached by a day trip from Taba city. You can also stay at various affordable hotels and resorts in Taba and take a day touring the area.

4- Saint Catherine's Complex

For hundreds of years, this beautiful remote historical complex had been remaining in its fantastic and unique condition offering insights into the Coptic culture. It’s one of the most incredible places you would ’like to visit and a vast area you cannot miss whilst in Sinai.

The ancient city Sant Catherin located in southern Sinai, a small town located away from Sharm El-Sheikh city by 201.9 km and is considered one of the best Sinai Peninsula tourist venues that you can visit to enjoy tranquility and peace of mind.

It is located at the foot of Mount Sinai, Saint Catherine’s Monastery was the start of the city, it was constructed by virtue of the decree issued from the Emperor Justinian between 527AD and 565 AD.

Once an active cultural center, it is now among the best places to visit in Egypt now. This is amongst the best places to visit in North Africa. Though most of it is in ruins, some structures like the Monastery of Sant Catherin, Abu Seila, or Farsh Rummana can still be recognized.

Explore the place with a horse ride, take an air balloon ride, and don’t forget to sip the Arab coffee. It is one of the best cities in Egypt that will leave you in mesmerism.

5- The Hanging Church

The Hanging Church complex in ancient Egypt may not be the oldest in Egypt, but it is still very old, and probably the best known in the Middle East and African content.

It’s remarkable because of the way in which the church was constructed. The iconic church is constructed using logs of palm and layers of stone, its ceiling a replica of Noah’s Ark. The Hanging Church is considered one of Egypt’s most unique feats of architecture—a mix of fresco and finesse—saturated with religious sanctuaries. Notably, the church is open to tourists and the public.