Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics issued a press release on November 20 th,2023, on World Children’s Day, on which the United Nations General Assembly declared the Rights of Child in 1959. Due to the importance of childhood as a period of acquisition of habits basic values and the formation of human personality, Egypt CAPMAS has issued a press release to highlight the most important indicators of children in Egypt, Arab countries, and the world, this year 2023, it is celebrated under the slogan “For every child, every right ”.
The most important statistical indicators:
• The number of populations under the age of 18 has reached around 2.4 billion children of the world's population; at a rate of 29.8%, and India as it represents the highest country in the world reached 431 million.
• Dropout rate in primary education is 10.7%, and13.2% for preparatory education 2022.
• Under- five mortality ratein 2021was 38.1 per thousand live children.
Children in the Arab countries:
• The number of children in Arab countries has reached around178.6 million children; at a rate of 7.5%, Egypt represents the largest country in terms of the number of children.
• Somalia has recorded the highest under-five mortality rate (2021), reaching 111.8 per thousand live children.
Key indicators for children in Egypt, according to CAPMAS statistics:
• Number of children under 18 years old according to Population projections in 2023
-There was a slight decrease in the percentage of children under 18 years of age in the total population between 2022 and 2023, as the percentage decreased from 38% to 37.7%.
The number of children in Egypt reached 39.6 million (20.3 million males, 51.3%, 19.3 million females, 48.7%) in mid-2023.
• Education Indicators:
- For the primary stage, the dropout rate in (2020/2021)reached 0.20%, compared to 0.23% in (2021/2022). Dropout rates for males are higher, reaching 0.27% compared to 0.18% for females.
The dropout rate from education in the preparatory stage increased from 0.87% in (2020/2021) to a record 1.73% in (2021/2022). Dropout rates for females are higher, reaching 1.87% compared to 1.6% for males.
• Classes Density in educational stages
- Class density represents one of the indicators for measuring quality of education. Class density in general pre-primary education reached approximately 30 students/class.
- Class density in general primary education reached approximately 51 students/class. Class density in general preparatory education reached 48 students/class.
• Children's Health Indicators:
The mortality rate of children under five years reached 22.7 per thousand births in 2022. The rate is higher for males compared to females.
- Children in urban are less likely to die than children in rural, as the child mortality rate in rural rises to 24.3 per thousand births, compared to 20 per thousand births in urban.
• Nutritional supplements
A child's access to nutritional supplements is one of the factors affecting children’s nutritional status.
The percentage of children aged (6-23 months) who consumed foods rich in vitamin A in 2021 increased by 69% compared to 61.1% in 2014.
The percentage of children aged (6-23 months) who consume iron-rich foods for a total republic in 2021 increased by 60%, while in 2014 the percentage was 53.1%.
• Female circumcision
The percentage of circumcised females in the age group (0-17 years) decreased from 18% in 2014 to 12% in 2021.
The percentage of girls whose mothers intend to be circumcised in the future in the age group (0-17 years) was 13.6%.
• Child Labor Indicators:
The percentage of child laborers aged (5-17 years) who carried out economic activities or household work decreased, reaching 4.9% in 2021 compared to 7% in 2014.
-Percentage of child labor between males and females, it became clear that the percentage of child labor among males is the highest, reaching 6.8% compared to 2.8% for females in 2021.
• Children's Social Care:
The number of nurseries affiliated with the Ministry of Social Solidarity increased to 25,2 thousand nurseries affiliated, and the number of children enrolled in them reached about 1.5 million children in 2022.
The number of residential nurseries for children deprived of family care reached 43, and the number of children enrolled in them reached 507 in 2022.
The number of families benefiting from orphans’ pensions from the Ministry of Solidarity reached 9,438 families, and the value disbursed to them reached about 38 million pounds.
The number of families benefiting from the disabled child’s pension from the Ministry of Solidarity reached 2,591 families, and the value disbursed to them reached about 12 million pounds.
• Cultural Care for Children
The number of children's clubs reached 359 in total, and the number of children in it reached 13,8 thousand children.
The number of children's libraries reached 499 libraries in total Republic, and the number of children in it reached 22,9 thousand children.
The number of children's gardens reached 53 gardens in total Republic, and the number of children in it reached 55,3 thousand children.
The State’s Efforts to Protect the Rights of the Child:
The state cares greatly for children, as the child is the basic building block for future generations. This role is manifested by the implementation of many initiatives, including:
- The Ministry of Communications launched the “Digital Egypt Cubs” initiative in May 2022 to prepare a distinguished generation of young people capable of exploring new horizons in the fields of communications and information technology and achieving Egypt’s digital vision in keeping pace with sciences and requirements of the future labor market. Such an initiative aims to develop the technological skills of 3,000 students. Among the outstanding students in all Egyptian schools in all governorates, in cooperation with specialized local and international bodies in various technological sciences to cover scientific and educational aspects, in addition to implementing activities to develop personal and leadership skills.
- An electronic application, “Speak Arabic,” was launched as part of a presidential initiative under the title “Speak Arabic,” which was launched in December 2020 to connect children of Egyptians abroad with their homeland and teach Arabic language. such initiative targets age groups from 3 to 6 years as a first stage, and from 6 to 12 years. The second stage, and from 12 to 18 years, and the third stage.
- Haya Karima Foundation launched a new initiative under the slogan “From human to human.” The first phase of the initiative is based on the participation of children in preparing aid directed to Palestine and comes under the slogan “From Child to Child.” This initiative aims to raise awareness among children and young people about the importance of the Palestinian issue and the role of Egypt as a leader in its support throughout history.
- The National Council for Childhood and Motherhood launched the second phase of the Egyptian Child Empowerment Initiative, in partnership with the Ministry of Education and Technical Education, and UNICEF, which aims to provide Egyptian children with positive behaviors and social change-making skills that enable them to be initiators and participant in solving the problems of his society. around it, in addition to implementing the activities of National Initiative Empowerment of Girls “Dawy”, which is sponsored by Mrs. Intisar Al-Sisi, wife of the Republic President.