Millions of Egyptians revolted against the regime of late President Hosni Mubarak on 25 January, 2011. The January Revolution has become a decisive phase in the Egyptian history. Hundreds were killed and thousands were injured sacrificing their lives to free the homeland from corruption and tyranny.
The January revolution will continue to be the focus of differences of opinion and conflicting reviews between praise and accusation, as it was the focus of ambitions between groups, sects, currents, and more than one faction.
The disagreement also extended over its description of whether it was an uprising, a mass demonstration, a conspiracy or a revolution.
It can be said that it is a popular revolution that came in the form of collective, social and political protests, and raised a slogan that is more like the main demands of the revolution, which is “Bread… Freedom… Human Dignity… Social Justice.”
The call for the revolution began in protest against the poor living, political and economic conditions, as well as against what was considered corruption under Mubarak’s rule, with a peaceful strike on April 6, 2008, in protest against the deterioration of living conditions.
One of the fruits of the revolution was the resignation of President Mubarak on February 11, 2011.
Another direct reason for the outbreak of the revolution was the parliamentary elections that were held in 2010 two months before the revolution when the ruling National Democratic Party (NDP) won 97% of the parliament seats.
Social media platforms played an important role in calling for the Egyptian revolution, especially Facebook and Twitter.
As for the real description of the January events. I believe that the Muslim Brotherhood exploited the revolution to dominate the rule of Egypt. January was not just a revolution, but it has been an inspiring moment that inspired Egyptians to play a role in making the history of their homeland.
Yes, a conspiracy was plotted to spoil the peaceful protests and to wedge disputes between people and the state’s institutions including the police.
During Mubarak’s era, the police was ill and full of corrupt members, but now the security apparatuses have become true saviors of Egyptians.
Thanks to the January Revolution, the Police have re-embraced the civilians and do their genuine job to project the homeland.