During ancient times the city of Aswan was much different. People in that period used to live around the ”Philae” island, which is also where the rulers and kings of Nubia resided. This was why the tombs of the kings and the royal family of Nubia were located near the Philae island in what is called today the tombs of Nobles or Qubat El- Hawa tombs.
This historical site although it is among the less visited monuments in Upper Egypt, but has some wonderful ancient art.
British archeologist ”Lord Greenville” discovered the tombs of the Nobles between 1885-1886 and was the first scientist to explore this important historical site.
The Island was the center of the worship of divine trinity of gods; Khnum, Sant, and Philae who were called the guards of the headwaters of the Nile. Philae Island was also the cult center of many other gods and goddesses like Isis and Hathour afterward.
High cliffs opposite Aswan, just north of ”Kitchener’s Island”, are honeycombed with the tombs of the governors, the Keepers of the gate of South,and other dignitaries.
The nobles tombs were found in 2014 and 2017 as well as six decorated tombs are currently open to the public. The most important and beautiful tombs belong to Harkhuf, Sarenput II, Sabni and Mekho.
The tombs date from the old and middle kingdoms and most follow a simple plan, with an entrance hall, a pillared room and a corridor leading to the burial chamber. A set of stairs cutting diagonally across the hill takes you up to the tombs.