As a part of NASA’s 2028 goal to build a human base and sustain a human presence on the moon, NASA paid 370 million dollars to more than a dozen of companies to deploy technology on the moon surface.
The deployed technologies include remote power generation, cryogenic freezing, robotics, safer landings and a 4G network.
NASA announced that the 4G network would provide a more reliable long-distance communication than the current radio standards on the moon. It is also planned that the 4G network will be ungraded to 5G in the future just like on Earth.
Nokia’s Bell Labs was given 14.1 million dollars to develop the 4G-LTE network and they will partner with spaceflight engineering company intuitive Machines.
It is most likely that the 4G network will work better on the moon seeing as it won’t have any trees, buildings and TV signals to interfere with. The moon’s 4G network will be designed to withstand the moon’s conditions from extreme temperature, radiation and space’s vacuum. It will also be designed to continue functioning during landings and launches despite the rockets’ vibrations of the surface.
Bell Labs announced that astronauts will be able to use the 4G network in data transmission, controlling moon rovers, navigating over the moon’s geography in real time and streaming videos.
Unlike the Earth’s 4G network that is supported by giant cell towers with huge power generators and radios, the moon’s 4G network will be supported by a small cell technology that is a bit limited in range but uses less energy and can easily be packed into a rocket. This small cell technology was created by Bell Labs and is currently being deployed for 5G networks on Earth.