<h4>UN Secretary-General <a href="https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Ant%C3%B3nio_Guterres" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Antonio Guterres<\/a> said on Tuesday that the coronavirus pandemic has led to the largest disruption of education in history.<\/h4>\r\n\u201cSchools closed in more than 160 countries in mid-July, affecting over 1 billion students,\u201d Guterres added in a video message.\r\n\r\nAt least 40 million children worldwide have missed out on education, \u201cin their critical preschool year.\u201d\r\n\r\nGuterres warned that the world faces a generational catastrophe that could waste untold human potential, undermine decades of progress, and exacerbate entrenched inequalities.\r\n\r\nThe UN Secretary-General pointed out that, even before the pandemic, the world faced \u201ca learning crisis,\u201d, where over 250 million children were out of school and only a quarter of secondary school youngsters in developing countries leaving school \u201cwith basic skills.\u201d\r\n\r\nGuterres stated, that before the pandemic, low- and middle-income countries faced an education funding gap of $1.5 trillion annually, now, the gap in education financing globally could increase by 30 percent because of the pandemic.\r\n\r\nA global projection covering 180 countries by the UN education agency UNESCO and partner organizations disclosed that about 23.8 million additional children and youths from pre-primary school to university level are at risk of dropping out or not having access to school next year due to the pandemic\u2019s economic impact.\r\n\r\nGuterres continued: \u201cWe are at a defining moment for the world\u2019s children and young people.The decisions that governments and partners take now will have lasting impact on hundreds of millions of young people and on the development prospects of countries for decades to come.\u201d\r\n\r\nAccording to a 26-page policy briefing, \u201cthe unparalleled education disruption\u201d from the pandemic is far from over and as many as 100 countries have not yet announced a date for schools to reopen.\r\n\r\nGuterres called for action in four key areas, the first being reopening schools, adding: \u201cOnce local transmission of COVID-19 is under control, getting students back into schools and learning institutions as safely as possible must be a top priority.\u201d\r\n\r\nThe UN Secretary-General pointed out that increasing financing for education must be given priority.\r\n\r\n<img class="aligncenter" src="https:\/\/s.yimg.com\/ny\/api\/res\/1.2\/pmhs9epqCx0N4ylSlT2T9w--~A\/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjtzbT0xO3c9ODAw\/https:\/\/media.zenfs.com\/en\/pa_viral_news_704\/b2200b12ce523d1182afc81aa71ccd11" alt="A billion students worldwide affected by Covid-19 lockdowns, UN says" \/>\r\n\r\nIt is worth mentioning that the novel coronavirus was first reported in Wuhan, China. It has infected more than one million people and continues to spread across the world. Over 18 million confirmed cases in 188 countries. Nearly 700,000 people have lost their lives.\r\n\r\nCases of the disease are continuing to surge in many countries, while others which had apparent success in suppressing initial outbreaks are now seeing infections rise again.\r\n\r\nThe World Health Organization's (WHO) special envoy David Nabarro told BBC that the virus is capable of "surging back really quickly" and is "returning all the time".\r\n\r\nThe virus is a new member of the Coronaviruses group, which was never identified in humans. The viruses\u2019 family also includes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV), which cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases.\r\n\r\nCoronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people. Humans and animals such as mammals and birds can be affected by the disease.\r\n\r\nThe name coronavirus is derived from the Latin corona, meaning \u201ccrown\u201d or \u201chalo\u201d.\r\n\r\nOn February 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced the official name for the disease caused by the new coronavirus is Covid-19, taken from the words \u201ccorona\u201d, \u201cvirus\u201d, and \u201cdisease\u201d.\r\n\r\n<img class="aligncenter wp-image-134613 size-full" src="https:\/\/see.news\/wp-content\/uploads\/2020\/06\/202005031048414841.jpg" alt="" \/>\r\n\r\nIn December 2019, an outbreak was reported in Wuhan, China. On 31 December 2019, the outbreak was traced to a novel strain of coronavirus, which was given the interim name 2019-nCoV by the World Health Organization (WHO), it was later renamed SARS-CoV-2 by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses.\r\n\r\nOn March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared coronavirus a <a href="https:\/\/see.news\/who-declares-novel-coronavirus-global-pandemic\/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">global pandemic<\/a> as the new virus has rapidly spread to more than 800,000 people from Asia to the Middle East, Europe, and the United States.\r\n\r\nTransmission of viruses between humans happens when someone comes into contact with an infected person\u2019s secretions, such as droplets in a cough.\r\n\r\nCoronavirus can also be transmitted by coming into contact with something an infected person has touched and then touching your mouth, nose, or eyes.\r\n\r\nIt is known that older people appear to be more vulnerable to the effects of the emerging virus.\r\n\r\nThe virus caused complete paralysis in all activities and events with large gatherings worldwide due to concerns over the spread of the virus.\r\n\r\nPeople across the globe partake in self-isolation for 14 days as an effective precautionary measure to protect those around them and themselves from contracting COVID-19.