The German Federal Supreme Administrative Court Bundesverwaltungsgericht received the Advisory Council of the Faculty of Law at the German University in Cairo (GUC).
Since 2002, the Federal Administrative Court has been located in the building of the former Imperial Court of Justice in Leipzig. The Imperial Court of Justice was the highest court of civil and criminal jurisdiction in the German Empire from 1879-1945. Its administration and the architecture reflect the history of Germany during that era.
The visit came as part of the agenda, which began with the fourth meeting in Berlin in the presence of a group of judges, lawyers, and jurists from both countries.
It is worth mentioning that the advisory council includes prominent law figures including 13 German lawmakers, former Minister of Higher Education Mufid Shehab, former Attorney General Abdel Meguid Mahmoud, former Assistant Justice Minister Zakaria Abdel Aziz, as well as Vice-President of the Constitutional Court Ragab Selim, and constitution expert Shawki El-Sayed.
The Egyptian delegation concluded their tour with a visit to the headquarters of the Federal President of Germany.
The Federal Administrative Court is one of the five federal supreme courts of Germany. It is the court of the last resort for generally all cases of administrative law, mainly disputes between citizens and the state.
“We are interested in exchanging experiences with the courts of other countries, especially neighboring ones such as France and Poland,” Vice president of the Federal Administrative Court said, adding that it is important that this exchange is extended across continents throughout the world.
Dr. Kraft, Chief Justice and Chairman of the Seventh Committee on Foreign Relations of the Federal Administrative Court said that the judicial system in Egypt is very similar to the French judicial system.
“There are many differences between the German judicial system and its French counterpart, as the German has more autonomy in the judgments and is not interfering with any recommendations from the government and this is contrary to the French system,” Kraft explained.
The Representative of Federal Court is entitled to take part in each case and to submit a written and spoken opinion during the oral hearing. “Our main principle is to stand away from all personal judgments and to protect human rights,” he added.
The second principle is to investigate the details of the case or complaint, which is handled by the court itself, and accordingly search for appropriate methods for judgments. Each case has its own nature, yet, all must be judged through a verbal trial.
A member of the Supreme Administrative Court in Germany noted that women represent one-third of the judges in court, hoping that this number will increase in the upcoming years.
On his part, Ashraf Mansour, the Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the GUC said that the world nowadays has a curriculum of a different nature.
“We find new laws on the environment, cybercrime, immigration, and international trade, which requires graduates of a different nature,” Mansour added.
“One of the most important objectives of the university’s law program is to enhance the international and regional presence and to assist in drafting legislation in all legal disciplines in Egypt and the world,” he noted, adding that we need to spend more effort connecting Egypt to the outer world.
The Chairman explained that GUC has a distinguished training office for students, which is supervised by specialists and is cooperating with 23 countries and 67 universities.
A practical training program has been designed for students to provide them with special skills to implement the rule of law, noting that visits have been made to family and criminal courts to improve research skills.
Currently, up to 300 students are attending the Faculty of Law and another 50 students are scheduled to graduate next year.
Contributed by: Taarek Refaat