Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics has issued
a press release on the occasion of the International Day for Elimination of Violence against Women, which the world celebrates on November 25 of each year to demand the elimination of violence against women Under the slogan (Unite to end violence against women) It is a UN initiative of 16 Days of Activism (November 25 - December 10) that concludes on the day it commemorates International Human Rights Day (10 December). The world celebrates this day under the slogan (Orange the World: End Violence against Women Now!), which is considered one of the most common crimes that all human rights and feminist organizations try to fight. This crime turns out to be an increasing phenomenon in all societies around the world. Such violence takes many forms according to society and its cultural nature, in addition to discrimination and gender inequality, which is considered a form of violence.
Global indicators according to World Health Organization statistics:
About 736 million women all over the world are exposed to physical and/or sexual violence by husbands or others in their lifetime, or one-in-three women.
One-in-four young women (aged 15-24) has already experienced violence during their mid-twenties.
One-third of women (27%) between the ages of 15 and 49 who have ever been married report that they are subjected to some form of physical and/or sexual violence by their husbands.
71% of all victims of human trafficking in the world are women and girls, and three out of four of these women and girls are subjected to sexual violence.
6% of the world's women report experiencing sexual violence from someone other than their husband and given the high level of underreporting associated with sexual violence, the true number is likely to be much higher.
The most important statistical indicators of violence against women according to the Egyptian Family Health Survey 2021 results:
Violence by husband for currently and previously married women in the age group (15-49 years):
Harmful traditional practices against girls:
female circumcision is one of the types of violence against women, and it is a widespread practice in Egypt, despite the efforts made since the nineties, this phenomenon is still ongoing. Statistics indicate, according to the Egyptian Family Health Survey 2021, that the rate of female circumcision is significantly decreased even more among girls.
The state's efforts to protect Egyptian women:
Regarding female circumcision:
Issuance of Law No. 10 of 2021 amending some provisions of the Penal Code (articles of the crime of female circumcision). The amendments included the deletion of any reference to using the medical justification and Article 61, the intensification of penalties by raising minimum and maximum penalties, the introduction of independent penalties for doctors and nurses, and other penalties in the facility, as it was introduced and expanded. Sinning to include new forms of criminalization of all forms of incitement, encouragement, or accusation to commit a crime.
The National Committee for the Elimination of Female Genital Mutilation held events in conjunction with the International Day and the National Day for “Anti-FGM,” and launched new phases of “Protect Her from FGM” campaign for the third year consecutively. More than 7 million beneficiaries benefited from the campaign's activities in 2021.
Regarding violence against women:
The National Council for Women established units to combat violence against women, bringing the total number of units established to 26 units at the level of Egyptian universities.
Preparing )3( medical response units “safe women’s clinics” in public and private university hospitals and working to open them officially in 2022. This brings safe units total to (8) units, all of whose medical staff have been trained to deal with cases of violence.
Participation in the issuance of a decision to establish the “Combined Unit for Protection of Women from Violence” comprising the sectors and concerned parties, pursuant to Prime Minister Decision No. 2021/827.
• World Health Organization (WHO) www.who.int
• Egyptian Family Health Survey 2021.
• The National Council for Women (A digital statement of harvest activities of the National Council for Women 2021).