United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres stressed during the 27th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change – COP27, being held in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt, that climate change is now an issue of crucial importance.
He also highlighted the need to pressure the two biggest polluting countries, China and the United States to strengthen efforts to combat global warming.
The UN Chief confirmed that "Humanity has a choice: cooperate or perish. It is either a Climate Solidarity Pact — or a Collective Suicide Pact."
These words alone summarize that the current climate situation is not good and what we leave to our children will not be a source of pride for them. We bear a great responsibility before God and before history for what is happening and will happen in the near future.
One of the main negative impacts of combating climate change is the renewed tension between the most polluting counties in the world, China and the United States. Also, Chinese President Xi Jinping missed COP27 while the US is preoccupied with the midterm elections.
Also, the financial aspect, especially with regard to the assistance of rich countries to the poor countries that are very vulnerable to the destructive repercussions of greenhouse gas emissions, is one of the most challenging issues in the conference.
However, the financial issue related to losses and damages was officially listed on the COP27 Conference agenda. These damages are estimated at tens of billions now and are expected to continue to significantly rise. The recent floods that inundated a third of Pakistan alone caused damage estimated at more than 30 billion US dollars.
Confidence regarding this issue between the Global North and the Global South is almost non-existent after the rich countries failed to fulfill their commitments to provide $100 billion annually to the world's poorest countries to help them reduce emissions and adapt to the repercussions of climate change.
Experts say that climatic changes will continue their upward trend and add to the sufferings of humans in the future by increasing the frequency of severe weather and climatic phenomena; In addition, some phenomena such as melting ice and rising ocean levels will remain insoluble forever.
The global temperature will rise by 1.5 degrees Celsius, and severe heat waves will recur every 10 years due to global warming, in addition, droughts and heavy rainfall will also become more frequent phenomena.
It is no secret for everyone that human activities are the cause of all these calamities, and this constitutes a red alert for humanity. Greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels and deforestation are choking our planet.
Unfortunately, the countries of the world do not learn from past lessons. We were among those optimists with the repercussions of the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic who falsely thought that the post-pandemic environment will be cleaner through the serious dealing with climate change and eliminating the risks that beset the countries of the world, but the UN reports tangibly indicate the absence of comprehensive government policies to tackle the repercussions of climate change.
When the world order began to fear the spread of the atomic bomb and nuclear weapons, legally binding commitments were imposed; such as the most important principles defined by the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, which was negotiated in 1968 and was concluded at the same year.
The important thing is that this bore fruit, as only a few countries entered the ranks of possessing nuclear weapons, and this was at the expense of their people.
It remains, in my opinion, that we measure the dangers of the manufacture of lethal weapons with the sabotage acts carried out by humans against the climate; both actions are major disasters for humans, and both require immediate intervention to eradicate such a crisis.
If humanity could think from this perspective, the implementation of international agreements on the issue of climate would become an obligatory issue and thus we will bring our children and all future generations to safety and security.