Media reports revealed what they called a “primary agreement” between Egypt and Israel on the possibility of making amendments to the “Camp David” Accords, which defined the nature of relations between the two parties, especially in the issues of security and sovereignty.
It’s reported that Cairo and Tel Aviv have been hosting Egyptian and Israeli (security – political) delegations for weeks to reconsider the “Camp David” issue, re-discuss some provisions of the accords, and make some amendments in line with the current political and security conditions.
The new amendments to the “peace agreement” signed between the Israeli and Egyptian sides, in 1979 at the US resort of Camp David, will focus mostly on security and control over additional areas and the strengthening of presence there.
The border area with the Gaza Strip, and Sinai will seize the lion’s share of these amendments, according to the speculations.
Both sides want to intensify and double the deployment of security forces in the Egyptian Rafah area in particular, and try to remove any obstacles to this consensus through bilateral consultations, all of which are under the supervision of the US administration.
Regarding the security amendments that will be added to the terms of the Camp David Accords, Cairo insists a lot on, especially with linking them to the relatively truce conditions in the Gaza Strip, and the possibility of reaching a long-term ceasefire agreement that may last for more than 10 years.
The final results of those meetings regarding amendments to the Camp David Accords will be announced soon.
There will be a joint press conference and official implementation steps on the ground, and the future of Sinai may witness a new qualitative change.
In recent years, Egyptian security and politicians have long called for the necessity of amending some provisions of the peace agreement, to allow more military deployment in the areas adjacent to the borders, which were witnessing “terrorist operations” and the spread of “extremist” groups.
The peace treaty defines the Egyptian and Israeli forces stationed on the borders, but it provides for the possibility of increasing its number according to an agreement between the two countries.
The peace treaty signed on March 26, 1979 divides the Sinai Peninsula into three areas “A, B, and C.”
The agreement prohibits the Egyptian side from entering aircraft and heavy weapons into the C Area adjacent to the border with Israel. It stipulates that the number of Egyptian soldiers deployed should not exceed 750 soldiers, but one of the terms of the agreement allows “agreed security arrangements to be established at the request and agreement of one of the parties, including limited-armed areas in Egyptian or Israeli territory, and United Nations forces and United Nations observers.”
In the meantime, Tel Aviv had agreed years ago to increase the number of Egyptian forces in Sinai as part of Cairo’s military campaign against “terrorist organizations.”
In May 2014, in a television interview, then-presidential candidate Abdel Fattah El Sisi talked about the Egyptian forces in Sinai and the Camp David Accords that Egypt signed in 1979.
Sisi said in the interview that peace with Israel has become stable, pointing out to the Egyptian forces in certain areas of the Sinai Peninsula.
Sisi was asked: “Do you call for the amendment of Camp David Accords in terms of the number of Egyptian military forces allowed in Sinai?”
A few days ago, 7 years after the election of Sisi, Egyptian Military Spokesman Gharib Abdel Hafiz announced the success of the joint military committee, based on the coordination meeting with the Israeli side, in amending the security agreement, increasing the number of border guards forces in the Rafah area in North Sinai, in addition to increasing and upgrading their capabilities.
A statement by the armed forces added Monday, that this amendment to the security agreement comes in light of Egyptian efforts to preserve the Egyptian national security, and in continuation of the efforts of the armed forces in controlling and securing the borders on the northeastern strategic dimension and within the framework of an international agreement in a manner that enhances the pillars of security, according to developments and variables.