Allergy to natural rubber latex affects roughly 3% of the general population, <a href="https:\/\/see.news\/?s=Dr.+Magdy+Badran" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Dr. Magdy Badran<\/a> says.\r\n<h4><strong>What Is Latex?<\/strong><\/h4>\r\nLatex is the milky fluid derived from the lactiferous cells of the rubber tree. Plants usually release latex after they are injured, in the same way, that humans bleed following an injury.\r\n\r\nLatex is composed primarily of cis -1,4-polyisoprene, a benign organic polymer that confers most of the strength and elasticity of latex.\r\n\r\nIt also contains a large variety of sugars, lipids, nucleic acids, and highly allergenic proteins. Natural latex is usually white but can be scarlet, orange, and yellow.\r\n\r\nIn many modern products, latex is synthesized, rather than being taken from natural sources.\r\n<h4><strong>Causes of Latex Allergy<\/strong><\/h4>\r\nAn allergic reaction is an abnormal response of the immune system to a harmless substance. People with latex allergies have over-sensitive immune systems.\r\n\r\nTheir immune systems react to latex as if it were a harmful substance.\r\nMore than 200 polypeptides have been isolated from latex. Latex proteins vary in their allergenic potential.\r\n\r\nHowever, natural rubber latex contains fifteen proven allergenic proteins, which can elicit a hypersensitive immune response in the latex-responsive population and may lead to death if severe (anaphylaxis).\r\n<h4><strong>Routes of Latex Exposure<\/strong><\/h4>\r\nLatex exposures can occur through direct contact with the skin, mucous membranes, or bloodstream, and through inhalation of airborne latex particles.\r\n\r\nWhile medical gloves play a significant role in protecting patients, health care providers, and other individuals nearby, if the powder on latex gloves becomes airborne, it can cause allergic reactions.\r\n\r\n[caption id="attachment_83127" align="aligncenter" width="1024"]<img class="size-large wp-image-83127" src="https:\/\/see.news\/wp-content\/uploads\/2019\/10\/Medical-Gloves-1024x527.jpg" alt="Medicall Gloves" width="1024" height="527" \/> Medicall Gloves[\/caption]\r\n\r\nThe protein responsible for latex allergies has been shown to fasten to powder that is used on some latex gloves. When powdered gloves are removed, latex protein\/powder particles get into the air, where they can be inhaled and come in contact with mucous membranes in the eyes, nose, and mouth.\r\n\r\nToday's state-of-the-art medical gloves include nonpowdered alternatives that provide all the benefits of powdered gloves, without the same risks.\r\n\r\nAirborne latex particles are significantly higher in areas and departments in healthcare settings where powdered latex gloves are used.\r\n\r\nThese particles are particularly high in the personal breathing zones of the person wearing latex gloves. These aerosolized particles can also attach to lint, dust, equipment, and even clothing, and become re-suspended into the air.\r\n\r\nInhalation of airborne latex particles can occur when latex proteins combine with the powder or cornstarch from the gloves and form aerosolized particles that become airborne.\r\n\r\nThese particles get into the eyes, nose, mouth, or lungs, where protein may be absorbed through these moist mucous membranes.\r\n\r\nParenteral exposure can occur during surgery when latex devices are used on open tissue. It can also occur following injections with needles that have punctured a latex rubber stopper on a medication vial.\r\n<h4><strong>Who is Affected?<\/strong><\/h4>\r\nAllergy to natural rubber latex is an important occupational health concern among healthcare workers and the main source of workplace exposure is powdered latex gloves.\r\n\r\nAbout 5% to 10% of healthcare workers have some form of allergy. Other people who are more likely than most people to get it to include those who have a defect in their bone marrow cells, a deformed bladder or urinary tract, had more than one operation, a urinary catheter, which has a rubber tip.\r\n\r\nRubber industry workers and people who use condoms and diaphragms are also more likely than others to get a latex allergy.\r\n\r\nThere is a genetic link to allergies. Therefore, people are at an increased risk for developing an allergy to latex if they have other allergic conditions such as allergy-induced asthma, eczema (atopic dermatitis), hives (chronic urticaria) and food allergies.\r\n\r\nPeople who have experienced a reaction after eating the banana, kiwi, avocado, potato, strawberries, peaches or chestnuts may also have increased risk for latex allergy.\r\n<h4><strong>Latex Products<\/strong><\/h4>\r\nLatex is used in over 40,000 products with many different uses. Latex also is found in many consumer products.\r\n\r\nThese include condoms, handbags, balloons, athletic shoes, tires, tools, underwear leg and waistbands, rubber toys, baby bottles, nipples, and pacifiers.\r\n\r\nAlthough rubber gloves are the main source of allergic reactions to latex, it is also a common component of many medical and dental supplies.\r\n\r\nThese include disposable tourniquets, dental dams, airway, and intravenous tubing, syringes, stethoscopes, catheters, dressings, and bandages.\r\n\r\nLatex contamination is a "hiding" hazard to those with latex sensitivity Latex can be found in some surprising everyday places.\r\n\r\nThese include balloons, ATM machines with rubber buttons, some adhesive bandages, diapers that contain rubber, grocery store checkout belts, rubber electrical cords or water hoses, spandex, blood pressure cuffs and EKG pads, rubber bands, mouse and keyboard cords, desktop and chair pads, rubber stamps, mouse and wrist pads containing rubber, keyboards and calculators with rubber keys or switches, pens with comfort grip or any rubber coating, remote controllers for TVs or recording devices with rubber grips or keys, carpet, car races -- tire and rubber particles could be in the air .\r\n\r\nDespite the name, latex paint is made from synthetic ingredients and generally doesn\u2019t cause the same allergic reaction.\r\n\r\n[caption id="attachment_83123" align="aligncenter" width="1024"]<img class="size-large wp-image-83123" src="https:\/\/see.news\/wp-content\/uploads\/2019\/10\/Latex-Allergy-1024x760.jpeg" alt="Latex Allergy Rash" width="1024" height="760" \/> Latex Allergy Rash[\/caption]\r\n<h4><strong>Latex Allergy Symptoms<\/strong><\/h4>\r\nAn allergic reaction can occur when latex proteins come in contact with the skin, come in contact with a mucous membrane such as the mouth or get into the lungs by breathing them in.\r\n\r\nIn most cases, latex allergy develops after many previous exposures to latex. Latex allergy symptoms may include: skin rash, hives, eye tearing and irritation, nasal symptoms such as sneezing, drainage (runny nose), or congestion, wheezing, chest constriction (tightness), cough, or shortness of breath, itching and feeling faint (drop in blood pressure).\r\n\r\nSymptoms may begin within minutes after exposure to latex-containing products.\r\n\r\nThe most severe latex allergy can result in anaphylaxis, a serious allergic reaction involving severe breathing difficulty and\/or fall in blood pressure (shock).\r\n\r\nDirect physical contact with latex products is not needed to trigger an allergic reaction.\r\n\r\nAnaphylaxis and severe asthmatic reactions have been caused by inhaling latex proteins in the air resulting from the powder in the latex glove.\r\n\r\nAllergic skin problems can occur following direct contact with allergic latex proteins in latex glove products. Symptoms may include immediate itching, redness, and swelling of the skin that touched the item containing latex.\r\n<h4><strong>Prevention<\/strong><\/h4>\r\nThe best treatment for latex allergy is avoidance. Limiting exposure to latex can help prevent allergic reactions for both home healthcare workers and their clients.\r\n\r\nEmployers should provide workers with non-latex gloves when there is little contact with infectious material.\r\n\r\nConsider the use of vinyl, nitrile, or polymer gloves appropriate for infectious materials. Provide reduced-protein, powder-free gloves, if latex gloves are selected for use with infectious materials.\r\n\r\nAvoid oil-based creams or lotions when using latex gloves. They may cause the gloves to break down. Wash hands with mild soap and dry hands completely after using gloves.\r\n\r\nIf you have severe latex allergy reaction you should wear medical alert identification.\r\n\r\nBefore undergoing a medical procedure or surgery, consult the specialist who will perform the procedure about any modifications that may be needed.\r\n\r\nSome people who are allergic to latex may also be allergic to specific foods. If someone is allergic to any of the following foods, he may also be allergic to latex.\r\n\r\nThese include some fruits (strawberries, pineapple, pears, nectarines, cherries, papaya, melons, grapes, figs, plums, peaches, avocados, kiwi, bananas, and apples), some vegetables (tomatoes, celery, carrots, and raw potatoes), some nuts (hazelnuts and chestnuts) and some cereals (rye and wheat).