Every country around the globe has its share of iconic women leaders through the course of history. Egypt produced many strong and outstanding women, today, Tuesday, marks the 141st birthday anniversary of Hoda Shaarawi, who is celebrated in today's <a href="https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Google_Doodle" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google Doodle<\/a>.\r\n\r\n<img class="wp-image-133759 size-full" src="https:\/\/see.news\/wp-content\/uploads\/2020\/06\/Google-Doodle-Celebrates-Hoda-Shaarawi\u2019s-Birthday.png" alt="Google Doodle Celebrates Hoda Shaarawi\u2019s Birthday" \/>\r\n<h4><span style="color: #ff0000;">Who is Hoda Shaarawi?<\/span><\/h4>\r\nNour Al-Huda Mohamed Sultan Sharawi, known as Huda Shaarawi, is a celebrated feminist and anti-colonial activist, who\u00a0established numerous organizations dedicated to women\u2019s rights and is considered the founder of the women\u2019s movement in Egypt.\r\n\r\n<img src="https:\/\/cdn.al-ain.com\/images\/2020\/3\/09\/133-010240-hoda-shaarawi-egyptian-revolt-against-al-haramlik_700x400.jpg" alt="Hoda Shaarawi" \/>\r\n<h4><span style="color: #ff0000;">Early life and career<\/span><\/h4>\r\nShe was born on June 23, 1879, into a wealthy family in the Minya, Upper Egypt, she was the daughter of\u00a0 Iqbal Hanim, a Circassian descent, and Muhamed Sultan Pasha El-Shaarawi, who later became president of Chamber of Deputies.\r\n\r\nShaarawi was sent from the Caucasus region to live with her uncle in Egypt and she was under the guardianship of her eldest cousin, Ali Shaarawi, after her father's death.\r\n\r\nShe\u00a0grew up in the harem system, in which women were confined to secluded apartments within the home and wore face veils when going outside, she spent her childhood and early adulthood secluded.\r\n\r\nShaarawi received an elite education at home at an early age along with her brothers, with the primary language of instruction being French; she was educated in various subjects such as grammar and calligraphy in multi-languages.\r\n\r\nShaarawi was also taught to read the Quran and received tutoring in Quranic Arabic and Islamic subjects by female teachers in Cairo.\r\n\r\n<img src="https:\/\/womenofegyptmag.files.wordpress.com\/2017\/06\/19420662_1448532328518790_382325950704045232_n.jpg?w=369&h=445" alt="Hoda Shaarawi and her family" \/>\r\n\r\nShe was married at age 13 to her older cousin, Ali Pasha Sharawi, who was already in his late 40s. Pasha Sultan named him the legal guardian of his children and the trustee of his estate. They had two children together: a daughter, Bathna, and a son, Mohamed.\r\n\r\nShaarawi wrote poetry in both Arabic and French as well as wrote a memoir entitled, "Mudhakkir\u0101t\u012b" (My Memoir), recounting her early life. It was translated and abridged into the English version "Harem Years: The Memoirs of an Egyptian Feminist".\r\n\r\nThroughout her life, Shaarawi's activism evolved to meet the ever-changing social and political landscape of her country and the wider region.\r\n\r\nDespite her opinion not receiving a positive reaction at the time, she chose to fight because she believed that Egypt could do better, a sentiment that continues to resonate with the Egyptian people.\r\n\r\n<img src="https:\/\/www.light-dark.net\/im0photos\/20151229\/T145139239548a65fb210023891c95fd506266d1780image.jpg&w=460&h=260&q=50&.jpg" alt="Hoda Shaarawi" \/>\r\n\r\nIn 1908, she co-founded the first secular philanthropic organization operated by Egyptian women, a medical dispensary for underprivileged women and children. She and her husband were also strong supporters of the cause of Egyptian independence from Great Britain.\r\n\r\nShaarawi's husband was also a founding member of the nationalist <a href="https:\/\/see.news\/century-after-rev-1919-historical-timeless-details\/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Wafd <\/a>party. She was also noted for founding and serving as president of the Wafdist Women\u2019s Central Committee in 1920, which marked a new turning point in Egyptian society as never before had so many women publicly engaged in political activism.\r\n\r\nShe shifted her efforts from the nationalist movement toward women\u2019s equality, following the death of her husband, and founded in 1923 Egyptian Feminist Union, which was\u00a0the first nationwide feminist movement in Egypt.\r\n\r\n<img class="wp-image-133761 size-full" src="https:\/\/see.news\/wp-content\/uploads\/2020\/06\/33948.jpg" alt="Huda Shaarawi " \/>\r\n\r\nShaarawi performed the act of protest In March of that year, an action she will forever be remembered for, which took place as she was returning home from a conference of the International Women Suffrage Alliance in Rome, she removed her face veil in a Cairo train station, causing an uproar.\r\n\r\nSharawi remained president of the Union until her death, publishing the feminist magazine l'Egyptienne. She also the founding president of the Arab Feminist Union in 1945.\r\n\r\nIn 1947, she passed away due to cholera at the age of 68.