By: Ahmed Yasser
CAIRO, Feb .11. (SEE) – In 969 AD, the leader of the Fatimid army “Jawhar El-Siqilli” founded a city to be the new capital of the country and it was called ”El-Mansuriyah” then the Fatimid ”El-Muizz li-Din Allah” arrived in Egypt and entered the new city he called it Cairo that means literally “the Vanquisher” or “the Conqueror” as it was named after the conqueror planet known as Mars and this the most common fact among historians.
Cairo has a tremendous wealth of Islamic art and architecture that is obvious in construction of three major cities in Cairo which are El-Fustat city where Amr ibn El-Aas built the first mosque in the country and Africa, El-Qatai and El-Askar city during the ”Abbasid” period, as well as El- Azhar mosque which is considered as Islam’s lighthouse and it’s minaret in the whole world.
In 13th century, Cairo truly boomed becoming a trading hub for multiple industries. In 1805, Mohamed Ali Pasha, ”founder of Modern Egypt’’ took control of Egypt after several decades of power struggles between the Ottomans, Mamaluks and the Albanians. Then Cairo became again the metropolitan hub as it had once been.
Egypt underwent strong development under ”Ali Pasha” and his successors and became one of the Arab world’s leading economies.
Cairo became a charming city where its streets and walls tell the history of the Egyptian people and their deep-rooted civilization throughout centuries. It is the home of the best Pharaonic, Coptic and Islamic sights in Egypt, where there is the Babylon Fortress, Coptic Cairo and Hanging Church and Virgin Mary’s Tree, where ”Mary” and her child found shelter beneath the shade of a sycamore tree through their journey from Palestine to Egypt escaping from Romanian tyranny.