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Editor in Chief Mohamed Wadie

All You Need to Know about Oldest Building in the World

Mon 20 Nov 2023 | 06:29 PM
Ahmed Emam

Shouna al-Zabib is a living witness to Egypt's rich history and unique culture. It is one of the oldest examples of the use of mud bricks in history and was the residence of King Kha Sekhmoy, the last ruler of the Second Dynasty, who ruled Egypt from 2700 BC.

This ancient edifice was a complex dedicated to religious and political rites. In ancient Egyptian, it was called "Beit al-Ka", which refers to the living spirit of the king. This huge building is located in the city of Abydos in Upper Egypt and covers an area of 10,000 square meters.

Shouna al-Zabib is an early example of a funerary temple that flourished in the era of the ancient Egyptian kingdom.

Although the name of the ancient Egyptian raisin barn is still unknown, it is believed that this complex was used for a long time.

Some people in the past thought that Shouna al-Zabib was a military fortress because of its thick walls, so they called it the "Middle Castle."

The interior of Shouna al-Zabib is comprised of a large square area that is mostly empty. It is unclear whether there were multiple such structures or large buildings within it, such as a mausoleum or temple. 

In 1988, the Australian Egyptologist and archaeologist David O'Connor worked there and discovered a flat courtyard made of fine limestone rubble, covered with mud bricks and roughly four degrees in shape.