Today marks the death anniversary of Isaac Newton, fondly known as the "Natural Philosopher".
Born on January 4, 1640, in the United Kingdom, Newton is regarded as one of the greatest mathematicians and physicists of all time and among the most influential scientists.
Newton is known as a great innovator, mathematician, physicist, astronomer, and author of Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica book. He established the universal laws of motion and gravity, which says that "every particle attracts every other particle in the universe with force directly proportional to the product of the masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them."
In June 1661, Newton was admitted to Trinity College at the University of Cambridge, where he started as a subsizar, paying his way by performing valet duties until he was awarded a scholarship in 1664, which covered his university costs for four more years until the completion of his MA.
Sir Isaac Newton was the first scientist who legitimately tried to find an explanation as to why every object that holds some weight, plummets only towards the ground.
This came after he was hit on the head with a big old apple, under a tree contemplating life when an apple struck him on the head, simultaneously making a light bulb about gravity go off.
However, another story said Newton was merely looking out the window when he happened to see the fruit drop.
Moreover, Newton invented the first practical reflecting telescope and developed a sophisticated theory of color based on the observation that a prism separates white light into the colors of the visible spectrum. His work on light was collected in his highly influential book Opticks, published in 1704.
Throughout his career, he secured many high positions in the UK like deputy comptroller of the temporary Chester branch for Edmond Halley and took up the post of warden of the Royal Mint in 1696. Newton became perhaps the best-known Master of the Mint upon the death of Thomas Neale in 1699, a position Newton held for the last 30 years of his life.
In 1727, Newton died in his sleep in London. The well-known scientist was given a ceremonial funeral, attended by nobles, scientists, and philosophers, and was buried in Westminster Abbey among kings and queens. He is also the first scientist to be buried in the abbey.