Supervisor Elham AbolFateh
Editor in Chief Mohamed Wadie

EU Finalizes Historic Migration & Asylum Pact

Tue 14 May 2024 | 10:52 PM
By Ahmad El-Assasy

On Tuesday, the European Union gave its final approval for a historic overhaul of its migration and asylum policies that will tighten border controls and mandate all member states to share responsibility for incoming migrants. 

The agreement was officially endorsed by European ministers during a meeting in Brussels, setting the stage for about ten laws that comprise the Migration and Asylum Pact, most of which will come into effect in 2026.

The reform plan, consisting of 10 pieces of legislation, received substantial backing from a majority of EU countries. However, Hungary and Poland voted against the entire plan, while countries like Austria and Slovenia opposed certain clauses. These new reforms are the result of years of intense debate and have faced criticism from both sides of the immigration issue—those seeking stricter immigration controls and activists pushing for easier entry processes into EU states.

Under the new regulations, countries have two years to set up border facilities to house specific groups of asylum seekers while they undergo screening and potential repatriation if found ineligible for asylum. Additionally, countries receiving a high volume of asylum applications will have the ability to request the relocation of asylum seekers to other European countries.

This sweeping legislative change aims to address the long-standing challenges and disparities in how EU countries handle migration and asylum requests, ensuring a more unified and fair approach across the bloc.