We saw last week how the U.S. has lived through its history periods of isolationism and interventionism, and how the current stage of the administration of the 46th president of the United States constitutes a sensitive period. President Joe Biden’s administration will have to rebuild and reshape all of the former president’s administration’s policies to revamp its presence and influence on the global market and to implement new diplomacy.
Earlier this month, President Biden revealed the most important lines of the new U.S. diplomacy to State Department employees in Washington, D.C. He said, “America is back. Diplomacy is back.” He pledged to “build new international alliances” while strongly confronting Russia and China in a move to end the policies pursued by his predecessor (former President Donald Trump) toward both countries.
His speech also suggests the descent of the Trump’s isolationist rule, “America first,” which was inconsistent with the common strategic values that brought together all the U.S. presidents in the last 100 years. President Biden is turning the page on the strategic downturn that his predecessor brought, which changed many matters regarding international, commercial, economic and military relations.
The former president viewed himself as the owner and president of the world. Even though President Biden considers himself a president of a country that is considered the superpower of the world, there is a huge difference between him and his predecessor. For every dollar that the U.S. spent on international organizations and every trade agreement, even if it is subject to global trade rules, the former president spent it on tipping the scale in his favor to implement his “America first” rule. However, his predecessors and the current American president are inevitably bound by diplomatic, moral and strategic norms and traditions. Following the standard ethical diplomatic traditions and values strengthens the U.S.’s position in the world. President Biden will be applauded and respected in institutions, international forums and international agreements. His alliances, especially in Western countries, will also respect him. All of this is starting to exist again under President Biden’s leadership.
The U.S. president announced a series of decisions, including a freeze on the withdrawal of American forces from Germany. Former President Trump announced plans to withdraw about 12, 000 U.S. forces from Germany, in the midst of a long-running dispute with Berlin over defense spending. The U.S. currently has about 34, 500 soldiers stationed in Germany, a close NATO ally.
The U.S. president also announced the end of U.S. support for military operations in Yemen. President Biden began to change the tone toward Russia, in a clear break with the diplomatic policy of his predecessor, former President Trump. The Democratic president defended traditional U.S. values, including promoting democracy and human rights. Trump has abandoned those traditional values during his tenure as president. In order to consolidate his “moral leadership” on the international scene, President Biden announced that the U.S. will receive 125, 000 refugees under the resettlement program in the next fiscal year, eight times the 15, 000 refugees this year, the lowest number in U.S. history.
America has also extended a temporary measure that allows thousands of Syrians to remain on American soil, despite the expiration of their visas because of the continuing war in their country, which “prevents Syrian citizens from returning safely.”
The U.S. president has also signed several immigration decrees that change the laws of the sector that his predecessor Donald Trump brought in.
President Biden was also warned of China’s human rights violations, especially with regard to Beijing’s dealings with Muslim minorities in the Xinjiang region in the far west and other measures in Asia, including Taiwan, which China says is part of its territory. He was also warned of “coercive and unfair” trade practices by China. Biden stressed that the U.S. gives priority to keeping the Indian and Pacific Oceans free and open. This is a region that represents a major and strategic rivalry between the U.S. and China. In addition, America’s decision to return to the Paris Agreement to protect the climate, stay in the World Health Organization, pay more attention to global problems and try to solve crises suggests that large parts of former President Barack Obama’s diplomatic legacy will return, including supporting multilateral cooperation within the framework of international organizations and eliminating the isolationism and unilateralism of the Trump administration.