Today Marks the 299th establishing anniversary of the Louvre Museum, one of the most visited museums in the world.
The French historical museum, which is regarded as one of the most important repositories of the world’s centuries-long culture and history, featured many famous sculptures and paintings.
The museum’s iconic halls and its 400 rooms houses over 7,500 paintings and well-known masterpieces, like Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa and Delacroix’s Liberty Leading the People, others may not be as recognizable to a casual fan.
Established in Paris 229 years ago today with the mission of both commemorating human art history and archiving its cultural development, the storied museum holds Pharaohs, Greek, and Roman statues as well as 35000 objects and artifacts from antiquity to the start of the 20th century.
Louvre complex, also known as the Great Louvre, is a manifestation of the majesty and grandeur of European architecture, and is noted as one of the well-preserved demonstrations of the modern architecture of Paris in the 17th century. This venue includes the Tuileries gardens, which are dotted with sculptures and a lovely spot to take a stroll.
The idea behind the museum goes back to 1528, when King François I declared the Louvre his residence, requiring extensive renovations on the grounds.
Hundreds of years passed and the palace experienced more construction under the reign of King Louis XIII—who added wings—and Louis IV (the famous “Sun King”)—who added numerous galleries. Afterward, the galleries were used to house the king’s art collection. Starting in 1684, visitors from all over the world were allowed to visit them when the king was not living at the Louvre, which is the start of its museum history.
After functioning as a private museum for several decades, the French Revolution triggered the transformation of the palace into a public museum, officially opening on August 10, 1793, according to the French documentaries.
In 1989, the underground complex of support facilities and public amenities was opened.
Four years later, on the museum’s 200th anniversary, the rebuilt Richelieu wing, formerly occupied by France’s Ministry of Finance, was opened; for the first time, the entire Louvre was devoted to museum purposes.
Here are some of his seminal works below:
MONA LISA By Leonardo da Vinci
Known for both its curious iconography and its unique history, Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa has become one of the most iconic paintings in art history. The Renaissance portrait features a female figure—believed by most to be Lisa Gherardini, the wife of cloth and silk merchant Francesco Giocondo—from the waist up.
The woman is shown seated in a loggia, or a room with at least one open side. Behind her is a hazy and seemingly isolated landscape imagined by the artist and painted using sfumato, a technique resulting in forms “without lines or borders, in the manner of smoke or beyond the focus plane.”
THE WEDDING AT CANA, 1563 By Veronese
The Wedding Feast at Cana is created by artist Paolo Veronese in 1563, it is a large-scale painting with dozens of figures packed inside the composition. It was brought to the Louvre after the French Revolutionary Wars in the 18th century.