The International Organisation for Migration (IOM) revealed that Egypt hosts nearly nine million international refugees from 133 countries, representing 8.7% of the Egyptian population.
In a statement released this week by IOM, it said: “There has been a noticeable increase in the number of migrants since 2019, due to the long-standing instability in Egypt’s neighboring countries, which has driven thousands of Sudanese, South Sudanese, Syrians, Ethiopians, Iraqis, and Yemenis to seek refuge in Egypt.”
The statement showed that 60% of international migrants living in Egypt are well-integrated for more than 10 years (5.5 million people), with 6% living well-integrated into Egyptian society for 15 years or more (including second generations).
It added that the majority (56%) resides in five governorates: Cairo, Giza, Alexandria, Damietta, and Daqahleya. The rest live in Assiut, Aswan, Gharbia, Ismailia, Luxor, Matrouh, Menoufiya, Minya, Port Said, Qaliubeya, Qena, Red Sea, South Sinai, Sharqiya, Sohag, and Suez.
The IOM said in this regard that the Egyptian government’s positive attitude towards migrants and refugees may be seen as a pull factor for the recent migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers.
“Egypt has been generous in including migrants, refugees, and asylum-seekers in the education and national health systems, [putting them] on equal footing with Egyptians in many instances despite the challenges these two sectors are facing and the high economic costs,” it noted.
It’s worth mentioning that IOM considers a migrant to be “any person who is moving or has moved across an international border or within a state away from his/her habitual place of residence, regardless of the person’s legal status; whether the movement is voluntary or involuntary; what the causes for the movement are; or what the length of the stay is.”