Following the recent update of Egypt's recorded population hitting 105 million two days ago, new data from the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics reveals key insights.
In a report, the CAPMAS added that the current annual birth rate in Egypt remains at approximately 2.2 million. Should current fertility levels hold at 2.85, Egypt's population is projected to reach 119 million by 2030 and skyrocket to 165 million by 2050. However, if the fertility rate reduces to 1.6 children per woman by 2042, the population numbers could be significantly lower: 117 million in 2030, and 139 million in 2050.
The Statistical Agency stipulates that these altered projections would require a concerted effort from all sectors of society, including civil society organizations and media outlets, working in collaboration with state agencies to control the population growth rate.
The recent decline in the birth rate has been attributed by the agency to a decrease in daily births. The average number of daily births has dropped from 6089, as seen during the period for the previous million, to 5683.
Preliminary data for 2022 shows a decrease in the birth rate, settling at 21.2 births per thousand in 2022.
The governorates with the highest birth rates are Asyut, Sohag, Minya, Qena, and Beni Suef, recording 27.2, 26.9, 26.0, 26.0, and 24.3 births per thousand respectively. Conversely, the governorates of Port Said, Damietta, Dakahlia, Alexandria, and Gharbia recorded the lowest rates, at 13.7, 16.4, 17.5, 17.7, and 17.8 births per thousand respectively.
In the past few years, Egypt has been working on solutions to curb overpopulation. In March, the government said it will pay married women aged between 21 and 45 with no more than two children an annual incentive of 1,000 Egyptian pounds (32.42 U.S. dollars). They will receive the total amount when they turn 45.
In February 2022, President Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi launched a national family development project to tackle the health, education, social, cultural, and economic issues of overpopulation.
In 2020, Egypt adopted a comprehensive strategy that provided free sustainable means of birth control.