Sudan’s pro-democracy movement and the ruling military council signed an agreement his morning which outlines a power-sharing deal.
The signing, which took place in Khartoum after marathon overnight talks, marks an important step in the transition to civilian rule following the military overthrow of long-ruling autocrat Omar al-Bashir amid mass protests in April.
According to the document, a joint civilian-military sovereign council would be established to rule Sudan for a little over three years while elections are organized. A military leader will head the 11-member council for the first 21 months, followed by a civilian leader for the next 18.
But the two sides have yet to agree on a division of powers between the sovereign council, the Cabinet and the legislative body, which would be enshrined in the constitutional document. The document would also set the terms of military leaders’ potential immunity from prosecution.
On its part, the military said the sovereign council should be able to veto appointments to the Cabinet and its decisions, something the protesters fear would deprive it of any real power.
It is also worthy to note that al- Bashir is wanted by the International Criminal Court on charges of war crimes and genocide linked to the Darfur conflict in the 2000s, but Sudan’s military has said it will not extradite him to the Hague. He was the only sitting head of state subject to an international arrest warrant.